无创性脑刺激同步认知训练治疗认知障碍患者研究进展及技术规范
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王玉平,Email:wangyuping@xwhosp.org

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Noninvasive brain stimulation combined with cognitive training in patients with cognitive impairment: Research advances and technical specifications
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    摘要:

    认知障碍指记忆、语言、计算、视空间、执行、理解判断等大脑高级智能加工过程出现异常,当上述认知域有2项或2项以上受累并影响个体的日常或社会能力时可考虑为痴呆。阿尔茨海默病(AD)是老年人痴呆的最常见病因。痴呆造成全球健康问题,中国更是痴呆最为严重的国家。认知障碍的药物治疗疗效有限,探索有效的非药物治疗方案迫在眉睫。认知障碍的非药物治疗方法主要包括无创性脑刺激(NIBS)及认知训练,二者联合应用可能提高对认知障碍的疗效。该文总结了近年来NIBS同步认知训练治疗认知障碍患者的相关研究,探讨联合治疗的方法和疗效,为认知障碍的综合治疗方案提供临床依据和技术规范。

    Abstract:

    Cognitive impairment refers to abnormalities in the processing of advanced brain intelligence such as memory, language, calculation, visual space, execution, comprehension, and judgment, and the possibility of dementia can be considered when two or more of the above cognitive domains are involved and affect an individual’s daily living and social competence. Alzheimer’s disease is the most common cause of dementia in the elderly. Dementia poses a global health problem, and China is the country with the most severe conditions of dementia. Pharmacotherapy for cognitive impairment has a limited clinical effect, and it is urgent to explore effective non-pharmaceutical regimens. Non-pharmaceutical treatment methods for cognitive impairment mainly include noninvasive brain stimulation (NIBS) and cognitive training, and a combination of these two treatment methods may improve the treatment outcome of cognitive impairment. This article summarizes recent studies on NIBS combined with cognitive training in the treatment of patients with cognitive impairment, discusses the methods and efficacy of combined treatment, and provides a clinical basis and technical specifications for comprehensive treatment regimens for cognitive impairment.

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.无创性脑刺激同步认知训练治疗认知障碍患者研究进展及技术规范[J].国际神经病学神经外科学杂志,2021,48(3):219-225

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  • 收稿日期:2021-05-08
  • 最后修改日期:2021-06-12
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  • 在线发布日期: 2021-08-27
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